Art Terms to Update your Vocab – Part II

September 24th, 2017

Our previous article 3 Terms to Update you Art Vocab┬ápresented the meaning of the terms Biomorphism, Chiaroscuro and Trompe L’oeil. In this article, we touch upon 3 new terms to help you expand your art vocabulary and understanding of art.

Triptych

This style of artwork originated in the 18th century. To infuse drama into the artwork and to give it a story-telling quality, artists began dividing their work into 3 sections. Artworks that display this structural division are called Triptychs. Here is an example of one -

altarpiecewebsize

 

The Lamentation, an altarpiece

Bricolage

This form of artwork is quite popular and is something that is even taught in schools. Bricolage is a mixed-media art piece, or a work created from a diverse range of things that happen to be available to an artist.

Igloo, Do We Go Around Houses, or Do Houses Go Around Us? 1977, reconstructed 1985 by Mario Merz 1925-2003

 

Igloo by Mario Merz, constructed using iron sheets & rods

Image courtesy: Tate

Kitsch

This style of art was developed in the early 20th century. The word refers to an artwork, object or design considered to be in poor taste because of excessive garishness or sentimentality but sometimes appreciated in an ironic or knowing way. Some artists used kitsch to comment of the culture of mass consumerism. The famous India painter, Raja Ravi Verma, who is known for his calendar art, is called the father of Indian Kitsch.

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A painting of Saraswati by Raja Ravi Verma

Try using these terms when critiquing a work of art the next time!

 

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